In Alberta, all drivers and passengers on a motorcycle must wear a helmet. The penalty for not wearing a helmet is $155.
The only exception is for a rider/passenger who is 18 years or older and is a bona fide member of the Sikh religion who wears a turban.
Your helmet must meet the standards for motorcycle safety helmets - look for a mark or label for one of the following:
- CSA Standard CAN3-D230-M85, Protective Headgear in Motor Vehicle Applications
- DOT Standard No. 218; Motorcycle helmets under Part 571.218 of the Code of Federal Regulations (United States), Title 49
- British Standards Institution (BSI) Standard BS 6658: 1985, Specification for protective helmets for vehicle users
- Snell Memorial Foundation 2000, 2005, or 2010 Standard For Protective Headgear, For Use with Motorcycles and Other Motorized Vehicles
- United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Regulation 22-05, Uniform provisions concerning the approval of protective helmets and their visors for drivers and passengers of motorcycles and mopeds
TYPES OF HELMETS
Remember that your head, face, and chin experience the biggest impact if you get into a collision. Lighter coloured helmets are more visible to other motorists. Replace a helmet that has been damaged, and avoid buying a used one. A used helmet may have been involved in a crash and could be damaged in ways that are not obvious.
Full Coverage Helmets (recommended): a full coverage helmet provides the best protection for your entire head by protecting the top, sides, and back of your skull as well as your lower face and chin. The face shield also protects you from weather and airborne objects.
3/4 Coverage Helmets: a 3/4 coverage helmet has an open face, so only protects the top, sides, and back of your head. It does not protect your lower face and chin. Unless a face shield is added, you will also not be protected from weather or airborne objects.
1/2 Coverage Helmets: a 1/2 coverage helmet has limited head protection as it only protects the top and some of the sides and back of the skull. It does not protect the base of your skull or your ears, face, and chin. It also will not protect you from weather or airborne objects.