Drivers and passengers must wear an occupant restraint.
It is the driver's responsibility to ensure children aged 6 to 15 (or children younger than 6 who weigh more than 18kg/40lbs) are wearing a seat belt.
Seat belts must be worn properly adjusted and securely fastened. Seat belts must not be removed from the vehicle or modified.
Learner and probationary (i.e. GDL) drivers must not have more passengers than there are seat belts.
It is the driver's responsibility to ensure children younger than 6 who weigh 18kg (40lbs) or less are in a properly installed child restraint.
Occupant restraints must meet Canadian standards.
Seat belts and child restraints are not required (but are still recommended!) to be used:
- in vehicles not designed or equipped with seat belt assemblies by their manufacturers
- in vehicles being used in the course of making deliveries and being driven at 40km/h or less
- in vehicles being driven in an authorized municipal parade
- by a person who has a letter from a qualified medical practitioner certifying that person cannot use a seat belt or child restraint due to medical reasons or physical characteristics
Child restraints are not required (but are still recommended!) in:
- emergency vehicles
- vehicles rented/leased for 14 days or shorter
GDL drivers will also receive two demerit points if they drive with more passengers than there are seat belts.
Find out more about the federal standards for occupant restraints in the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations.