Laws and fines for seat belt usage, child safety seats, and booster seats

Seat Belts

Always wear a seat belt when operating or riding in a motor vehicle. It's your responsibility as the driver to ensure that all passengers under the age of 16 are properly buckled up. If you or your passengers aren't restrained with a seat belt, you can receive a fine.

What's the proper way to wear a seat belt?

  • The lap belt stays low and snug across the hip bones.
  • The shoulder belt should cross over your chest. The shoulder belt cannot be underneath your arms or behind your back.

What's the fine for not wearing a seat belt?

The current fine is $155.

Both the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Act and the Vehicle Equipment Regulation under the Provincial Traffic Safety Act outline the regulations for seat belt use. For more information on seat belts, visit the Seat Belts page.

Child Safety Seats

A child is safest in their car seat until the maximum weight or height limits stated by the manufacturer have been reached. 

What are the rules for child safety seats?

  • Seat must be properly installed according to both the vehicle manufacturer's and child safety seat manufacturer's instructions
  • In Canada, child safety seats must have a label indicating that the seat meets the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 213

What is the fine for not using a child safety seat?

The current fine is $155.

For more information on child safety seats, visit the Child Safety Seats page.

Booster Seats

After a child has outgrown their child safety seat, the use of a booster seat is recommended until the child is nine years old or their weight is at least 80 lbs (36 kg).

How do booster seats work?

  • Booster seats help to properly position a seat belt on a child's body
  • The shoulder belt should cross the middle of the child's chest
  • The lap belt should cross over the child's hips

For more information on how to choose a booster seat and how they can help your child, visit the Booster Seats page.