Drivers and passengers must wear a seat belt.

If a child who is aged 6 to 15 or who weighs more than 18kg (40lbs) is in the passenger seat, the driver must not drive the vehicle unless the child is wearing a seat belt.

Seat belts must be worn properly adjusted and securely fastened. Seat belts must not be removed from the vehicle or modified.

Learner and probationary (i.e. GDL) drivers must not have more passengers than there are seat belts.


If a child who weighs 18kg (40lbs) or less is in the vehicle, the child must be in a properly installed child restraint.


Occupant restraints must meet Canadian standards.


Seat belts and child restraints are not required (but are still recommended!) to be used:

  • in vehicles not designed or equipped with seat belt assemblies by their manufacturers
  • in vehicles being used in the course of making deliveries and are being driven at 40km/h or less
  • in vehicles being driven in an authorized municipal parade
  • by a person who has a letter from a qualified medical practitioner certifying that person cannot use a seat belt or child restraint due to medical reasons or physical characteristics

Child restraints are not required (but are still recommended!) in:

  • taxis
  • emergency vehicles
  • vehicles rented/leased for 14 days or shorter


$155 fine.

GDL drivers will also receive 2 demerit points if they drive with more passengers than there are seat belts.


Read the provincial occupant restraint rules in the Vehicle Equipment Regulation (Part 5) and the Operator Licensing and Vehicle Control Regulation (Division 4).

Find out more about the federal standards for occupant restraints in the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seats Safety Regulations.