Learn how to protect children with the right seat

Did you know?
Proper use of a child safety seat or booster seat can reduce the likelihood of your child being injured or killed in a crash by up to 75%

A child is safest in their car seat until the maximum weight or height limits stated by the manufacturer have been reached. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions when installing a child safety seat and use a checklist to ensure that the seat is being used correctly.


Please see the Child Safety Seats Guide for more tips and information about installing child safety seats.

Rear Facing Seat

A child is safest staying rear-facing until he/she is at least two years of age or reaches the maximum weight or height limit of the rear-facing seat, as stated by the manufacturer.

What does a correctly installed rear facing seat look like?

  • The child safety seat is facing the rear of the vehicle
  • The vehicle's seat belt or Universal Anchorage System (UAS) is routed correctly
  • The child safety seat is not in a vehicle with an active passenger front-seat air bag
  • If required, a locking clip is used
  • The chest clip is level with the child's armpits
  • The internal harness is used correctly according to the manufacturer's instructions
  • The internal harness should be even with or sightly below the height of the child's shoulder
  • The internal harness should be snug. One finger should be able to fit between the child's collar bone and internal harness
Forward Facing Seat

Once a child is at least 2 years of age or reaches the maximum weight or height limit of their rear-facing car seat, as stated by the manufacturer, he/she can move into a forward-facing car seat

What does a correctly installed forward facing seat look like?

  • The seat is facing forward in the vehicle and is in the upright position
  • The vehicle's seat belt or Universal Anchorage System (UAS) is routed correctly through the proper guides in the back of the child safety seat
  • If required, a locking clip is used
  • The tether strap is hooked to the proper tether anchor located in the vehicle
  • The chest clip is level with the child's armpits
  • The internal harness is used correctly according to the manufacturer's instructions
  • The internal harness should be even with or slightly above the height of the child's shoulder
  • The internal harness should be snug. One finger should be able to fit between the child's collar bone and internal harness
Booster/ Combination Seats

Once a child reaches the maximum weight or height limit of their forward-facing car seat, as stated by the manufacturer, he/she can move into a booster seat.

What does a correctly installed booster/combination seat look like?

  • The shoulder belt should be positioned across the middle of the child's chest. Use the guide on the side of the seat to adjust for comfort
  • The lap belt should cross over the child's hips

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Questions to ask when buying a child safety seat:

  1. Is the child safety seat the right one for my child based on weight, height and age?
  2. Does the child safety seat fit in my vehicle?
  3. Is the safety seat easy to use?
  4. Does the safety seat come with detailed instructions?
  5. Has this particular model ever been recalled?

More information:
How to use car seats in motor homes