Learn how to protect children under six years old with the right seat

Did you know?
Proper use of a child safety seat or booster seat can reduce the likelihood of your child being injured or killed in a crash by up to 75%

Children under the age of six whose weight does not exceed 18kg (40lb) must be properly restrained in a child safety seat. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions when installing a child safety seat and use a checklist to ensure that the seat is being used correctly.

Please see the Child Safety Seats Guide for more tips and information about installing child safety seats.

Rear Facing Seat

Child Weight: Birth to 15kg (35 lbs)

What does a correctly installed rear facing seat look like?

  • The child safety seat is facing the rear of the vehicle
  • The vehicle's seat belt or Universal Anchorage System (UAS) is routed correctly
  • The child safety seat is not in a vehicle with an active passenger front-seat air bag
  • If required, a locking clip is used
  • The chest clip is level with the child's armpits
  • The internal harness is used correctly according to the manufacturer's instructions
  • The internal harness should be even with or sightly below the height of the child's shoulder
  • The internal harness should be snug. One finger should be able to fit between the child's collar bone and internal harness
Forward Facing Seat

Child Weight: 22 lbs to 40 lbs
A child should be at least one year old and walking independently before moving to a forward-facing child safety seat.

What does a correctly installed forward facing seat look like?

  • The seat is facing forward in the vehicle and is in the upright position
  • The vehicle's seat belt or Universal Anchorage System (UAS) is routed correctly through the proper guides in the back of the child safety seat
  • If required, a locking clip is used
  • The tether strap is hooked to the proper tether anchor located in the vehicle
  • The chest clip is level with the child's armpits
  • The internal harness is used correctly according to the manufacturer's instructions
  • The internal harness should be even with or slightly above the height of the child's shoulder
  • The internal harness should be snug. One finger should be able to fit between the child's collar bone and internal harness
Booster/ Combination Seats

Child Weight: Over 18 kg to 36 kg (40 lbs to 80 lbs)

What does a correctly installed booster/combination seat look like?

  • The shoulder belt should be positioned across the middle of the child's chest. Use the guide on the side of the seat to adjust for comfort
  • The lap belt should cross over the child's hips

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Questions to ask when buying a child safety seat:

  1. Is the child safety seat the right one for my child based on weight, height and age?
  2. Does the child safety seat fit in my vehicle?
  3. Is the safety seat easy to use?
  4. Does the safety seat come with detailed instructions?
  5. Has this particular model ever been recalled?

More information:
How to use car seats in motor homes