Drug evaluations for impaired drivers
What is a Certified Drug Recognition Expert (DRE)?
A Certified Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) is an evaluator who is accredited by the International Association of Chiefs of Police and is recognized as an evaluating officer by the Criminal Code of Canada. A DRE determines if a driver is under the influence of drugs and if their ability to operate a vehicle is impaired.
How does it work?
If a driver fails the Standardized Field Sobriety Test at a Checkstop or vehicle stop, the officer can require a driver to go to a police station for a lengthier evaluation by a DRE. The DRE uses a twelve step evaluation that includes physical examinations and interviews to determine if the driver was under the influence of drugs while driving. The evaluation must show impairment signs and symptoms consistent with one or more drugs, and the DRE's findings must be supported by toxicology results. If the toxicology results are consistent with the findings of the DRE, the driver is charged accordingly.
Drugs have been found in up to 30% of fatally injured drivers in Canada. With the help of DREs, we can make our roads safer for all motorists.