From helmets to brakes, bells, and reflectors, learn the laws

Before your next ride, make sure you have the required bicycle equipment. Based on provincial and municipal regulations, here's a list of what you need.

Helmets
  • Cyclists under the age of 18 must wear an approved bicycle helmet
  • If you have children and pull them in trail-a-bikes or trailers, they must wear an approved bicycle helmet too
  • Fit the helmet an inch above your eyebrows and make sure it's level
  • Adjust the straps so that the "V" is below your ears
  • Use two fingers between your chin and the strap to make sure's it's not too tight
  • Riders of power bicycles can now choose to wear a bicycle helmet instead of a motorcycle helmet. View the exemption.

How do I know if my helmet is approved?
Helmets that meet ANSI, Snell or CSA standards are approved

Brakes
  • All bicycles must have at least one brake that will lock wheels on dry, level, and clean pavement
  • Brake with two hands to make sure that your equipment is working properly
  • Always allow extra stopping distance in wetter weather
Bells

If you're passing pedestrians on shared-used pathways, you must sound a warning device like a horn or bell on your bike

Lamps and Reflectors

When cycling at night, your bike must have the following:

  • A front headlamp (non-flashing)
  • A red tail lamp (non-flashing)
  • A red rear reflector
  • Wear a reflective vest or light coloured clothing with reflective tape to stay visible

Learn what recommended equipment you can use and wear for added safety